The Second Affirmative Rebuttal (2AR)

Even if you are a Second Affirmative Rebuttal (2AR) speaker and not a Second Negative Rebuttal (2NR) speaker, you should be sure to read the essay on how to do the 2NR because in many ways you simply need to do the opposite of the 2NR.

Topicality. Since topicality is an all or nothing issue for the affirmative, start your speech by addressing any topicality arguments.   The 2AR can’t risk running out of time and not responding to topicality.

Advantage/offensive.   Remember that the job of the affirmative is to prove that the plan is . . .

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